What is voluntary redundancy?
This occurs where an employer informs its employees that redundancies need to be made and invites them to volunteer to be considered for redundancy. The employer then selects from those who have volunteered, based on the need for particular skills or expertise.
Fair and unfair dismissals (compulsory redundancy)
The Employment Rights Act 1996 lists potentially fair reasons for dismissing an employee; redundancy is one of those reasons. Redundancy dismissals can be found to be unfair if:
- proper consultation and selection procedures are not followed;
- inadequate warning of redundancy is given;
- if the employer fails to consider alternative employment for the employee.